Arizona Again? Governor Signs Bill to Ban Ethnic Studies in Schools

Arizona Again? Governor Signs Bill to Ban Ethnic Studies in Schools


Jan Brewer, governor of Arizona, signed HB 2281 into law yesterday, making it illegal for school districts in the state to teach classes expressly for students of ethnic backgrounds.

HB 2281 states that students “should be taught to treat and value each other as individuals and not be taught to resent or hate other races or classes of people.” In meeting that end, it prohibits:

  • Classes that promote the overthrowing of the U. S. government
  • Classes that promote the hatred or resentment of a race or class of people
  • Classes that are designed for students of a particular ethnic group
  • Classes that advocate ethnic solidarity

Supporters of HB 2281 believe that ethnic studies classes are divisive while opponents of the bill believe that it targets Chicanos and Latinos in the same manner as the state’s controversial immigration bill.

School districts refusing to comply with the law could lose up to 10% of their state allocated funding per year.

The president of the Tuscon Unified School District’s governing board has no intention of ending their K-12 ethnic studies program. Judy Burns is quoted in the L. A. Times as saying, “We don’t teach all those ugly things they think we’re teaching.”

According to the L. A. Times,  the Tuscon program is supported by a court-ordered desegregation budget, and a part of the district’s plan for equal access for all students.

School districts can appeal the law that becomes effective on December 31.


  1. The measure is superficial, a token for the gullible, and an election ploy. The deeper issue is the official and unofficial, cradle to grave racial and ethnic socialization to which individuals are subjected in the United States. It is a kind of Stalinist collectivization. So successful is the racial and ethnic brain-washing that neither Republicans, Democrats, the Left, Right, hard-Left or hard Right call for its termination. The indoctrination begins the moment one is born. Your "race"-what a senseless word–is on your birth certificate, your job application, your driver's license, and your death certificate. People then come to think of themselves as white, black, Mexican, Asian, and so on. You cannot spend billions upon billions, century after century informing people that they belong to separate and distinct kinds and groups and not expect to see the entire world through racial and ethnic lens and to interpret their everyday experiences in terms of discrimination because of their differences. Republicans are playing with this issue, dangerously, only to win elections. Were they seriously concerned with the individual in society, or with being an American, they would propose that Federal and State governments end all racial and ethnic classifications of individuals. Brewer’s termination of certain programs is but political posturing for Election 2010. Remember the howls of protest when Barack Obama opined:” There is not a Black America and a White America and Latino America and Asian America — there’s the United States of America." The intellectual confusion in this nation is massive, and exploited continually by the likes of Sara Palin, Glenn Beck, and now, Jan Brewer. It's the education; it leaves out reasoning and critical thinking. Observe protesters against the presence of displaced workers from Mexico in the United States. Few of these protesters are aware of or care about the millions of jobs investors export to Mexico, South Korea, and low-waged regions all over the world. It's the media, spilling out inaccurate information and no information at all. Open your minds, people!

  2. You're saying AZ is wrong, but you don't mention or refer that Texas is rewriting their text books used in schools. Just wondering why that is?

  3. You can't be a hypocrite. Complain about Pakistan madrassas

    that teach to despise Western Culture. While having the same thing here in the USA in government funded schools. These classes

    promote the sense of mini states within the United States of America. Oppose assimilation into American Culture. That is why you see Students of Mexican descent, shouting "Mexico! Mexico"! and waiving Mexican flags and stepping on American flags. You see students sent home for wearing American flag apparel on cinco de mayo from a public school. They are Being taught to hate,despise,disrespect everything American except for its $$$Dollar$$$ and this should not be tolerated.

    • have you ever been to NYC- look at Greek Pride, Irish, Italian

      Lots of ethnic groups wave their flags and still also wave the American flag.

      What would have been better, would be to address the inaccuracies and problems in many of these curriculums -my son came back from a diversity day- before he was never exposed to racial labels and skin color labels. People were individuals before that and we taught him to look at people like an artist would- lots of different colors on even 1 person. His conclusion -he was glad he was white and safe( he is not fully and I had to explain he is actually part of 3 different ethnicities that have been picked on) so then he was glad he looked white.

      I watched similar training sessions for kids on PBS and wrote in furious about the racism taught- standing a 5 yr old dark skin kid up and pointing out how black he was and all the hair and skin differnces- never asked the kid his ethnicity- just assumed. Another jumped all over a kid because they said a pink skinned doll was prettier when asked which doll they liked- never asked the kid to explain-maybe it was the dress, etc- just attacked the 3 yr old kid and pointed out the racial differences in the dolls that the kid seemed unaware of until then.

      Then there is Mexican history- as one of Mexican descent- there are some of us whose have a different take on the revolution- some of our families were raped, massacred, and had every thing they owned stolen because they were rich-even if they earned it themselves with hard work. We grew up with more of a sense of American values and love for the Constitution because of it. But that side of the story in Mexican history is not told. Truth in education means truth. My son knows the story- even if you are poor- you have no right to take from others who are rich. You have to work hard and earn what you have.

    • That's funny. I majored in Ethnic Studies, and at no time was overthrowing the government promoted. Nor was hatred promoted. Resentment was common, but it wasn't taught. People were just resentful for a while after they realized that entire histories of people were "whited out" from the high school curriculum.

      Solidarity – I guess it was promoted, though, honestly, I haven't seen more race mixers than I have in Ethnic Studies classes. It seemed like the vast majority of students were either in inter-ethnic or inter-racial relationships. There were also a fair number of "crossover" students and grad students who were majoring or minoring in an ethnic group other than their own. One of my African American TA teachers was Asian. One of my Asian American studies TA was a Latina. A White man taught a really good Native American studies class.

      The goal of solidarity was to break into the mainstream society and fight racism. That was fighting against white people maintaining not only ethnic solidarity, but also power and privilege for themselves.

      I'm not saying there aren't people in Ethnic Studies who are into sticking with their own kind, but that's not the universal sentiment. In fact, I find that the people most into sticking with their own are *not* in liberal programs like Ethnic Studies, but are in the more right-wing and business oriented courses. If you want to find a racist of color, look in the Repbulican Party. Seriously. You'll also find some former gang members there too.

  4. Here in CA, these classes are racist hotbeds. They are being taught for one reason only; to promote an atmosphere of discord and racial tension between one race and any others who dare to question it's voracity. It spills into the surrounding communities and festers until violent race-wars break out. No thanks! I doubt that Brewer's signature will prevail, because in the end, it is the race-baiters themselves who are promoted by well-funded organizations that no true American in his right mind would support. Still, I applaud Jan brewer for attempting to discontinue "ethnic studies" classes! Anyone who has ever witnessed the curriculum and/or the teaching approach used by these so-called 'educators' knows why the Governor signed this legislation. To be sure, these classes turn out to be indoctrination sessions, usually taught by racially-driven zealots. Most parent would jerk their kids out of these classes if they only knew what was being kneaded into the brains of their sons and daughters. Those who agree with such teachings are part of the problem.

    • Watching this from abroad has left my chin on the floor. "Land of the Free" how are you! Land of "We'll tell you what you can teach, learn and think" seems to be closer to the mark. I hope this isn't contagious. Will you have Boston schools outlawing the study of Irish American history and culture next? Wasn't it for the end of this kind of subjugation that the world celebrated the fall of the Berlin wall?

  5. I believe from what I have heard, that the classes they are trying to ban use this a book that uses terms along the lines that America came in and forced the Mexicans out of their land(land being AZ, CO, NM, and TX). I am a history teacher and I touch on this when I go over manifest destiny and western expansion. I don’t exactly say we were just taking the land that is rightfully ours. I lightly tell the kids that American’s back then were forceful in taking the land. I guess you would call me anti-american for saying such horrible things against “our” country. From the things I have read, these books that teach to hispanic children(who aren’t very fluent in english)basically hispanic/hispanic american history. It gives a little different perspective than what the winners give. I am never for the editing or censorship of any materials. So these children in high school learn what you should be learning… AMERICAN HISTORY(even if it isn’t painting America in a bright light).

  6. It can be daunting to search to get a good security
    DVR system to secure your company. This fact alone
    upsets people, because so many of us simply do not like our privacy being
    invaded, regardless in the reason why the CCTV
    equipment is there. Software untuk dvr enter cctv dvr software The first CCTV system was installed by Siemens
    AG at Test Stand VII in Peenemunde, Germany in 1942, for observing the launch
    of V-2 rockets.

    This new real-time recording stand-alone CCTV not simply
    supports RS485 PTZ control and PTZ preset points, but also is enabled with tracking and cruising functions.
    is, evident that CCTVs have found a wide application in lots of sectors and.

  7. Drug use isn’t the only avenue to look at when you
    are looking for pain management. Another
    thing is the industrial wirelesses are employed to maintain to the industrial machines.
    baofeng linux marine
    In addition, the electromagnetic field that emits from many clock-radios can project a foot or
    more in the device.

    Some enjoy racing with one of these radio control
    cars while some simply need to adventure to the
    nature so colors will vary. Baofeng bf-f9 It can be found in abundant and individuals enjoy playing
    radio channels. While as a result choosing perks more challenging and important, it could also leave players disappointed with the lack of exciting options.

  8. それとも整形したり枕するのを「努力」って言ってるのか?

    However, reading might be brought in only if there is a necessity.
    and writing published by the article author, Elaine Currie,
    BA(Hons). 今日のテレビ番組表大阪 中田英寿 結婚 In this compilation of “types of writing,” I’ll not simply identify and define various
    sorts and varieties of writing, I’ll help you find resources
    in this article in Long Beach. It needs ability
    as a copywriter, critical thinking, logical coherence and steady approach
    to the topic.

  9. This combined using modular design, that makes accessing individual components and replacing or repairing them
    easy, will be a justified reason to depend upon these lights.
    The buyer will absolutely take pleasure in the value for the money plus
    it seems very easy to buy LED tubes due to the longer lifespan. Led light z bar led light for jeep wrangler yj When this soul force manifests in a’s daily actions, this kind of person is known as a seer, sage, Rishi, philosopher, superman etc.

    There is really a wide selection of energy saving lamps present in industry where as LED light is environment protected
    and also comes in advanced technology. There are many models of
    emergency lights available these days, as well as the most prominent ones all is Light bar police vehicle.

  10. Just turn on your computer and hook up with Moto’s
    Wi-Fi internet during this particular service station, plus your computer will
    perform the rest. The quality of the sound and ear phones
    is awesome with a great battery life.

    Skype is generally used over a PC, but you’ll find phones designed for use which has a Skype account that allow you to call Skype
    users just as though you were using a landline or perhaps a cell
    phone. The Trulink Wireless USB Extender is often a wireless
    USB kit that connects USB devices in your computer wirelessly while using 2.
    netgear universal wifi range extender login wn3000rp-100uks universal
    wifi range extender There a wide range of people
    who want to know when they could use Skype over Wi-Fi if
    they are on their mobile phone.

  11. With this much space, you possibly can easily dry complete bedding sheets, in addition to comforters, without needing
    to cram them into a small machine. whirlpool cabrio dryer parts diagram cabrio washer parts I was
    so overwhelmed with my pain, that I was actually drawing more pain into my being.

    This way, you won’t make use of the same amount of water
    you’d use for any load of towels than which has a load of socks.
    This doesn’t only lower the total level of loads you have to perform but it also dramatically lowers the quantity of energy and water
    it will require to clean your laundry.

  12. I can’t customize the past, but when I could, I would certainly have
    a wireless hidden camera to observe what goes
    on inside my house. You will find cameras which can be concealed in clocks,
    pens, sunglasses, watches as well as cameras that seem like
    a gum.

    For starters, you may want to check the top ten video cameras for beginners.
    There are hidden cameras that support HD video, and also ones that you can take underwater.
    spy camera pen naaptol camera pen india Also, look for any monitor that matches the
    digital camera’s image resolution.

  13. If a network provider’s idle radio capacity decreases, which means a lot of messages or calls are being serviced, data transmission and speed decreases at the same time.
    That night, I set my noisy alarms for 6:15am so I could brush my teeth and get some coffee
    within me before an interview. baofeng no sound audio cable Speaking
    of power, make sure to own some method of providing electricity, whether it is a solar
    system or possibly a gas-fueled generator.

    During the present day time there a wide range of reputed companies in international market who sell industrial product and equipments which has a nicely affordable price.
    Baofeng uv-5r jack What if life is such as the song,
    “Row, row, row your boat gently around the stream.
    I’m actually a good deal happier because I work as a
    teacher, now; more than just a capitalist earning money for myself.

  14. In addition, they are loaded with biotin, which leads to preventing baldness.

    Fusion Laboratories is really a leading nutritional and lifestyle company that has developed a array of hair
    loss products to target the first manifestation of aging.
    biotin estrogen
    gold Many are prone to baldness, drying hair, brittle hair, split ends,
    and lots of other hair problems.

    It may be noted any particular one people are genetically inclined to get
    poor growth of hair. The answer to ‘are there any vitamin supplements that prevent diabetes’ is obviously yes,
    but caution must be exercised before rushing out to buy huge doses of which.

  15. It is really a complete system that can take care in the entire security of your own home and family
    members. The camera offers lots of features that will make it a fantastic value for anyone looking to shoot
    top quality video. A burglar can readily disable an entire security camera mod 1.6.4 system by
    disabling the electricity.

    At this second, there is someone finding a burglar alarm
    flaw in a very business office. We purchased a Panasonic BL-C160 for testing, but other cameras within the range will be all but identical in securitycameratips.

  16. If you have a smaller laundry room, or require a smaller washing machine for your boat, RV or apartment, this is a great choice.
    Whirlpool cabrio wtw5600xw reviews Fan-type nozzles are likely to be more well suited for
    graffiti removal.

    The interior of this oven is made from stainless steel, which ensures you keep the heat inside with the oven,
    this means the oven needs little energy to produce the desired temperature.
    Getting it back together again is fairly easy, except for that metal
    shell – which can be even trickier than disassembly.

    So it really is important to make good news headline attractive so which the people continues reading good news article.
    immediately whirlpool cabrio
    dryer manual wed6200sw1 It is even better in the event the water you consume is micro-clustering comprising seven or more molecules
    simply because they allow greater penetration and simpler absorption from the body.

  17. With good cholesterin in, and evil cholesterin out, heart problems
    gets much less of an factor and far less of the fear.
    phytolacca berry side effects berry tablets wikipedia The
    Omega3 and Omega6 efas in acai further assists in faster weight-loss,
    dissolving the flab within a couple of weeks.

    Using this perceived affinity because basis for his experiment, Backster walked to some different building some blocks
    away and directed loving thoughts for the plant. During the winter you’ll be able to keep it
    inside a cool room which has good light.

  18. So, here is usually a list for that year 2014, which will
    let you not just get aware, but get prepared for handling cyber attacks and
    threats well. Closed circuit television systems are getting to be
    increasingly popular his or her prices have dropped given that they’re
    easy make use of for home and business security.

    cctv loss prevention cameras in london Digital video recorders have become used through the satellite computers by
    having it into your customer’s in-home receiver boxes directly.

    A great deal of thought and thinking has to look behind it therefore
    we should opt for an issue that is well and truly safe and foolproof
    to mention the least. The tool presents protection for starters server and around 5 clients.

  19. 14:37~ Berryz工房「愛のスキスキ指数 上昇中」(池袋サンシャイン噴水広場)

    A perfectly penned news release can also result in the front page of
    Google News along with a number of other news outlets, as being a news release is supposed to get
    a respectable news story. http://www.Opusfx.Coom
    ETC (Electronics, Technology, Culture) can this and uses Halo to perform
    segments and interviews.

  20. If you receive stuck playing a sport, don’t forget that it is possible to often find cheat codes to
    aid you get past an obstacle. Once you have the game you can download it directly onto your gaming
    console where any progress will likely be stored. ibuypower 5 off coupon arc ne621fx-1 desktop pc amd fx-series
    fx-6300 Before copying Xbox 360 games, you will have to have a modded

    But again, PC gamers are very proud of the use of mouse and
    keyboard, controllers aren. This is the reason why I mentioned
    quality in PC gaming, when it’s not up towards the PC gamers standards it’s not planning to sell.

  21. You can offer an emblem or Insignia Led Tv 42 Z Wave from the specialized unit
    on the front plus a personal message on the back.
    Samsung has added one more pair of woofer speakers near the rear from the TV set.
    Insignia tv xbox 360 problem The sides of the Special Forces ring often include a symbol or emblem of your specific military campaign the
    Green Beret were section of or even an insignia that few would understand.

    But instead of your family seal or crest, this type of military ring utilizes military coats
    of arms or insignia because “seal” with the top of the ring.
    Please review the data posted about this website to see the
    demo available.

  22. The most critical thing in Gaming Laptop is always that it needs to become fast.
    Marketed primarily being a multi-media laptop, the Lenovo Y560 is additionally a very capable gaming machine.
    best gaming laptops under 2000 gaming laptops under 1000 euro The term custom laptops
    features a tendency to befuddle folks because most aren’t even sure the best way to remove the battery.

    You will not stumbled upon a graphics card with a lot less than 2GB of obtainable memory
    of these laptops. Maybe it could possibly end up said from a 12 months, but 2011 is very important for gaming laptops.

  23. Opt for that best sofa bed, you are going to uncover brand that’s really trustworthy.

    Once you’ve settled with a style, it is possible to start
    to pay attention to finding the proper sofa set configuration on your space.

    Modern sectional sofas designers are extremely much
    worried about overstuffed cushions and pillow all meant to provide comfort.

    I moved the heavy leather sleeper sofa, and found one pink-budded nipple and areola.
    Each room carries a galley kitchen, two queen beds in a separate room, and a lounge
    area which has a sleeper sofa New Orleans sofa.

  24. These days people can use the internet anywhere, with technology including android phones, tablets, sleek laptops and MP3
    players all with access to the internet. It will cost you $20 each month extra on top of the regular bill for
    just two GB of internet data.

    You should always make sure that the one you select is appropriate for your other network devices.
    So I bought that brand new wireless router within my
    favorite computer store only to find that the netgear wifi extender xbox 360 signal is weak with the other side of my house.
    Wifi router extender antenna I did receive the T5800 working okay and connecting on the internet while using Skyport Wi-Fi key is
    extremely easy having a little networking knowledge.

  25. 話し方とかもAKBに比べてマトモなのが多い印象。

    There are plenty of news channel which tell us in regards to the east
    news and west news. Prof Ram Gopal Yadav made due emphasis about
    the education sector.

  26. On board is a 5MP, 2592×1944 pixels, Carl Zeiss optics, autofocus with LED flash camera along with a secondary camera for video calls.
    There are quite a few reasons why the LED light bar is so very popular.

    led light bar brands light bar queensland That is not very many
    compared for the two million Americans that Kipnis (1999) reports who’re behind
    bars (p.

    I think a LED light Christmas wreath is more like a decoration, unless it’s an advent wreath in which you would must put with a table due for the candles.
    The Black – Berry Torch 9860 comes with
    a 5 megapixel camera which boasts face detection, LED flash,
    auto-focus and comes with plenty of scene modes.

  27. Essentially, it adds an additional antenna to
    your wireless router that is positioned in another area
    of the home. This new version will probably be the first cross platform mobile application allowing unlimited international
    calling too as unlimited member to member texting, calling and a lot more.

    So you’re a business owner planning to offer free Wi – Fi for a customers.

    About: The Nabaztag rabbit will let you know the news,
    remind you of your appointments, announce the arrival of a contact,
    and in many cases read out your blog posts and comments for you personally.
    wifi extender apple tv x10 network extender It does seem tough to believe
    that people really must move remote stretches of forest to avoid Wi – Fi waves.

  28. AKBが好きでAKBに残ろうとすることは別に悪いことじゃないんだから、嘘付いてまで自分を良く見せようとするなと。

    In most with the news papers you can find some particular pages that incorporate sports news,
    political news, international news, entertainment news and lots of
    others. Opus FX
    Check out the modern episodes in this film series Exploration with Uday Gunjikar at our website and also be tuned for much more into the future.

  29. The present study environment will require that students use laptops with college student discounts
    and since a laptop is definitely an expensive item, it has to
    be protected and hence the laptop bag. These three solutions were great that will perfectly work in different people’s HP laptop and HP computer.
    Excellent laptops for college Skooba R101-101 Checkthrough Checkpoint
    Friendly Laptop bag product image.

    Normally, that is used to connect the laptop computer directly to a network or to
    a router box allowing internet connection. Given that fact, laptops fall into the
    category of consumables.

  30. Security cameras and CCTVS come in various range and types.

    IP cameras mean internet protocol cameras and therefore are
    utilized by most LANs to show videos across networks. Cctv job Openings parts Make certain you have in touch
    with every reference which includes been supplied for your requirements.

    As well, through remote viewing, the many members on the gated community are able to keep
    an eye about the entire premises within their
    spare time. This is likely to make monitoring individuals who want to get into the premises easier.

  31. Understand the most effective features of this shaver and following
    that examine whether these technologies can definitely give you an in depth shave or not.
    Also, a good accumulated hairs inside razor affects
    the smoothness with the result from the shave. Razor e200 electric scooter lime green The inability to to
    understand factors would lead to improper usage with the razor and thereby causing
    more damage especially to highly sensitive

    However, using mens electric razor military shavers can make your electric consumption increase a bit.
    The origins of Occam’s Razor theory trace to William of Ockham
    (1284-1347), an English philosopher and theologian.

  32. The multidirectional performance of 8VSB is poor so you’ll need to purchase a good unidirectional antenna for buying
    a good signal. Your muscles function much such as the wires
    that support a tall radio or television antenna. Leaf ultimate indoor ge enhanced hdtv antenna manual antenna reviews If you go to
    a store like Wal-Mart, as an example, you can find several different ‘rabbit ear’ style digital antennas for below $20.

    Back in the analog TV era of yesteryear, you had been almost
    always better off with a giant outdoor antenna, but also for
    many people it was not an option. The first
    is HDTV – high-definition video this offers surround

  33. Smoother gaming is obviously the goal of every gamer which new “Killer” adapters are going
    to be a welcomed addition to your gaming laptop. Toss in the complete High definition 1080p screen merged which has a
    Beats Audio technique that has a Blu-ray generate and also you have each of the components for any wonderful gaming notebook.
    Gaming laptops cheap To begin, within my opionion the very best gaming laptop 2012 under 800 gaming headset
    must have full 7.

    The laptop industry has lagged the desktop
    in personalization because regular users can’t make
    modifications with their laptops. The gaming laptops have become slim and compact
    to provide you perfect style, comfort while playing the games.

  34. You may also search for retailers and manufacturers that market refurbished TVs for the web.
    There is also a style that combines both designs, with a crest at the top and emblems or insignia for the sides.
    insignia tv ports tv
    flickering The report on emblems and insignias engraved on Air Force rings can be extensive.

    There is a semi-precious stone at the top of the ring as
    well as a symbol, insignia, or emblem adorns each side from the ring.
    The difference between both the is that the LCD TV uses a cold cathode or
    CCFL to light while the LED TV uses led.

  35. Using antivirus program that will prevent visiting rogue or malicious websites, which may or may not
    use secure protocol (HTTP), is also recommended.
    Phone calls are indicated by an icon of a phone; the color differences indicate what this
    notification means. What means lol in english

    Often the sins we see so very clearly in others are the
    very ones that have taken root in us, so be very careful about feeling angry about someone else’s sin. Again, rankings are given to allow you to compare your score
    against others who took the test at the same time.

    Do these traditional content marketing tools really allow
    you to definitely attract highly qualified leads that you may translate into additional revenues.

    Does xoxo mean baby names
    Therefore, entertainment market is always popular in India.

  36. Evidence due to this includes “The 2012 Bioinitiative Report” documenting a large number of pages where ill health has resulted from overuse.
    A few nations purchased millions are already used
    consistently for observation for example the scope of parks, shops, malls, auto parks
    as well as other open territories. Cctv accessories If you would like a varifocal or longer focal length lens, you might be out of luck.

    Norton comes with a extensive report on security offerings helping in securing user
    home elevators every front. Accordingly, they’re going to hesitate ahead
    of struggling executing something.

    You can buy yourself listening to that which you thought was your free account on an oil spill yet turns right
    into a finely disguised assault on fiscal policy.
    thereby cctv uverse A strong Jupiter gives
    wealth, religious inclination and gains from govt.

  37. The main benefit from IP cctv dvr internet setup is that the images could
    be accessed from any browser anywhere inside world in the event the desired user contains the correct login information. Together with all the Thumb slide switch it
    is a lot less tough to review and manage with
    rewind review capacity, rewind, insert, be involved
    in and discontinue. Viewtron – mobile dvr viewer for cctv surveillance The widespread availability and
    utilization of CCTV cameras has a draw back for the
    reason that they may be used by criminals to gather vital data about other innocent victims.

    CCTV may be used to watch public facilities by management or law
    officials including Banks industry, public parks, housing
    or residence development, and parking garages. Nowadays it appears like absolutely everyone is putting in a CCTV procedure.